From the Desk - Sukkot
Please see bottom of the letter for detailed guidance on Sukkot prayers.
I hope that you were well over what must have been a very different Yom Kippur. It was strange davening in synagogue (and in the tent in the parking lot) with so many of you not being there. At the same time, I felt blessed that we were able to provide these services and that so many staff members and volunteers worked so hard to ensure that we could hold these prayers over Yom Kippur.
Sukkot is fast approaching and we want to enable as many people as possible to enjoy the holiday in safety. Any individuals or families who do not have a Sukkah and wish to make use of the synagogue's Sukkah over the course of the holiday should please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org or 514-714-6559.
We will be holding services on Shabbat and Sunday mornings, beginning at
9:30 AM (as well as weekday services at 8:00 AM).
I am delighted that so many of you have ordered a lulav and etrog. If you would like and have still not ordered, please contact me ASAP at 514 714 6559.
Unfortunately, this year we will not be providing a communal lulav and etrog for use in the services. Those who bring their own lulav and etrog to synagogue should not let them be shared by anyone else (other than those who live together with them in the same family unit).
During the service, men who have a lulav and etrog set will be invited to participate in the Hoshanot (circling of the bima), which will be done whilst observing social distancing. At the end of the service, anyone who has a Sukkah at home is encouraged to use their Sukkah at home. Those who do not have a Sukkah will be invited to enter the Sukkah briefly (maximum of three families at a time) to hear Kiddush if the weather permits.
This is certainly a holiday season to remember! I hope that each of you will experience some of the joy of Sukkot, even in these challenging circumstances. The bringing together of the four species (lulav, etrog, myrtle and willow) represents the togetherness and unity of the Jewish People. I hope we can find the joy in knowing that our community members are there for one another and will help each other to get through this difficult time and even to find joy in our beautiful holidays.
Wishing you Shabbat Shalom and Chag Sameach,
Rabbi Anthony Knopf
The blessing for candle lighting concludes "lehadlik ner shel Shabbat veshel Yom Tov."
An abridged Kaballat Shabbat is recited that begins with Mizmor Shir L'Yom HaShabbat. Bameh Madlikin should be omitted.
The Maariv Amidah is the Amidah for Yom Tov with proper insertions for Shabbat and Sukkot.
Vayechulu is recited after the Amidah. If you are not praying in synagogue, Magen Avot is omitted.
If you are eating in a Sukkah, Kiddush should not be said before nightfall (7:02 PM).
The Kiddush said is the one for Yom Tov with proper insertions for Shabbat and Sukkot. Kiddush begins with Yom Hashishi. If you are eating in a Sukkah, Kiddush is followed by the Leishev BaSukkah blessing and the Shehechiyanu blessing. If you are not eating in a Sukkah, Kiddush is followed by Shehechiyanu.
In the event of rain:
If possible, one should wait an hour or two for the rain to stop in order to recite a complete Kiddush.
If the rain does not stop, one recites Kiddush without Leishev and then eats a k’zayis of bread in the sukkah.
The rest of the meal continues in the house.
If one has an opportunity to eat in the sukkah after the rain stops, even if it is after Birkas HaMazon, one should return to the sukkah, recite Leishev BaSukkah and eat a k’beitzah of bread.
All the Amidahs are the ones for Yom Tov with appropriate insertions for Shabbat and Sukkot.
The lulav and etrog are not shaken on Shabbat.
Full Hallel is recited.
Mussaf Amidah for Yom Tov with proper insertions for Shabbos and Sukkos.
The Hoshanot part of the service can be said without a minyan.
Preparations for the second day may not begin until nightfall (7:19 PM). Candle lighting must be performed after this time.
The Maariv of Yom Toov is said with insertions for Sukkot and the "vetodi'einu" passage for Saturday evening.
Kiddush for Yom Tov includes the blessing on the fire, the havdallah blessing, and Shehechiyanu (and leishev if one is eating in the Sukkah).
The Amidahs are for Yom Tov with proper insertions for Sukkot.
The lulav and etrog are taken before Hallel. Two blessings are recited: Al Netilas Lulav and Shehechiyanu.
Full Hallel is recited.
Again, one can recite Hoshanot, even if one is praying without a minyan. One remains in place when reciting Hoshanot without a minyan.
Maariv at the end of Yom Tov includes Ata Chonantanu and Yaale Veyavo.
Havdallah consists of two blessings: Hagafen and Hamavdil. Fire and spices are not used for the havdallah. If possible, this should be recited in the Sukkah. If one isn't planning on eating in the sukkah after Havdallah, Leishev BaSukkah should not be said.
Monday to Friday
Shacharit, Mincha and Ma’ariv follow weekday services while including Ya’aleh V’Yavo.
Lamenatzeach and Tachanun are not recited on Chol HaMoed.
The four species are taken before Hallel.
Full Hallel is recited every day of Sukkot after Shacharis.
Yom Tov Mussaf is recited each day with the proper insertions for the particular day of Chol HaMoed.
Hoshanot can be recited without a minyan. One remains in place when reciting Hoshanot without a minyan.
Friday is a longer service due to Hoshana Rabba.